Amazing Archaeological Mysteries

Archaeological discoveries have a way of beguiling people, perhaps because it is fun and exciting to dream up explanations for how and why artifacts exist. These archaeological discoveries have left scientists with many unanswered questions, time and time again.

Stone Spheres

Enormous stone spheres, dating as far back as A.D 600, were the works of a Pre-Colombian civilizations. Most are constructed from gabbro, a rock that forms from smelted basalt. Archaeologists who have studied these ancient rocks hypothesize that the carvers of these stones used smaller rocks as tools to chip away at the larger chunk. The true purpose for these gargantuan, heavy balls is a mystery. The Chibchan people,native inhabitants of Costa Rica, disappeared at the beginning of the Spanish takeover, and the purpose of these stone spheres disappeared with them.

Antikythera Mechanism

This circular bronze artifact was discovered in the remains of a sunken Greek cargo freight ship that is at least two thousand years old. It appears to be a maze of interlinked apparatus and cryptic written symbols etched all over it. Archaeologists believe it was an amazingly sophisticated astronomical journal. Click here to read more about how much of its purpose and construction remains a major mystery.

The Lost City of Atlantis

There have been many areas hypothesized to be the location of the Lost City of Atlantis, though no one knows for sure if it even exists! This fictional island was allegedly a powerful navel force before sinking over ten thousand years ago during a natural catastrophe. Though archaeologists debate the actual historical existence of Atlantis and it’s location, it is still unknown whether it actually exists. Atlantis continues to ignite the imagination and keep archaeologists guessing.


One of the seven wonders of the world, Stonehenge was build about five thousand years ago. This was an incredibly remarkable accomplishment for the citizens. There are many theories and stories around the creation and purpose of Stonehenge, ranging from space observatory to a place of worship. Still, no one can say with certainty why it was built and how.